The temperature of computer parts is an important issue for professional users and that is why many companies work in the field of processor and graphics card cooling. But in general, What are the criteria for the temperature of other computer components and What should be the ideal temperature? Here are some hot topics.
In general, it is easier to talk about the allowable temperature for the processor and graphics card, as detailed information is provided. But since other parts usually do not get too hot, there are no special solutions for them. It should be noted, however, that most RAMs use heatsinks to reduce the temperature, and motherboards that support M.2 SSDs usually provide heatsinks for these memories.
Regarding the temperature inside the case, as long as the different parts have the right temperature, this will not be a problem. However, sometimes you can predict the occurrence of some problems by checking the temperature of the components.
Why is the temperature of the computer components so important?
When you want Use the full power of the components in the computer, their temperature is doubly important. As you probably know, the processor and graphics card generate heat when working, so you should think about controlling the temperature inside the case. Even when a part gets too hot, the system may shut down, and even in severe cases due to high heat, it will have a permanent problem.
When the temperature inside the case is right, the processor and graphics card They can maintain their current performance for a longer period of time and even improve their performance. Of course, the more pressure you put on different parts, the more heat is generated, so you have to take more serious measures to keep it cool. For example, we can mention overclocked systems that use some strange solutions to keep the system cool. One of these solutions is to use liquid nitrogen to keep the processor cool. Professional gamers are always looking to increase the game's firmware, and to do this they must use the maximum power of the system components.
Ideal temperature for PC components
Maximum temperature Tolerable for computer components are not the same between them. As Intel processors, they can withstand temperatures as high as 100 degrees Celsius, but the maximum temperature for AMD processors is around 90 degrees. Of course, using a very hot processor is not wise, as this would significantly reduce performance. Therefore, it is recommended that the processor not be hotter than 75 degrees at high pressures. On the other hand, the graphics card can reach 85 degrees when running heavy processing, in which case it will not face any particular problem.
All in all, if you have not overclocked your system and the temperature of these parts often exceeds this allowable limit, it is better to think about replacing the cooler. According to studies, motherboards do not have a problem if they are in a temperature-based environment below 80 degrees. Overall, few people worry about monitors getting hot because they rarely get hot. But if the temperature of this part rises significantly, you should look for its source elsewhere. In the field of SSDs, their temperature should be below 70 degrees, and ordinary hard drives should perform well in temperatures below 45 degrees.
Fortunately, there are many programs in the field of checking the temperature of computer components. One of these popular programs is called CPUID HWMonitor, which provides a lot of information about the temperature and condition of the motherboard, memory, processor and graphics card. We can also mention Core Temp for CPU, Radeon Software for AMD graphics cards and MSI Afterburner for Nvidia and AMD graphics cards.
When is cooling not enough?
Sometimes the temperature of the parts may rise higher than expected despite the use of powerful coolers. In such a situation, you should see if the air flow in the case is well maintained or not. On the other hand, it should be noted that dust has a great impact on system performance. If there is a lot of dust in the fans or the parts themselves, their performance will be affected. Therefore, pay attention to cleaning the parts and parts inside the case.
If there is no dust and be sure You're that your system from There is no problem with the flow of air and cooling, the case fans may not be set correctly and on the other hand we should mention the possibility of a low number of fans. A good way to check this is to remove one of the case walls and then apply a lot of pressure to the system to see if CPU and graphics card performance has improved. If their performance has improved, you may have an airflow problem. Even if their performance is not improved, cooling systems will most likely not be able to meet your expectations.
In-case case We have to point out a very important point; Case temperature is based on many variables and there is only one specific factor in this regard. For example, What is the ambient temperature of your room? Is there an air conditioner or is the window open? What is the position of your computer relative to the air conditioner or window? What is the humidity? How many people are in your room? In general, we can mention several other variables in this field. The bottom line is that there is no set ideal temperature for a computer case. In addition, the temperature inside the case is much less important than the temperature of the processor and graphics card.
Now, if you consider the temperature inside the case at different hours and days, you can get a suitable range for its temperature. Therefore, if the temperature of the case exceeds the average for many hours and days, this can be an early indicator of various problems.
What do we find out by examining the temperature of the parts? >
In order to better investigate this issue, we have examined the computer temperature over different days. The computer in question has the NZXT H500 case, which is in good condition in terms of airflow, but not great in this regard. This case has two output fans, one on the top right of the processor and the other on the left. The processor itself is AMD Ryzen 5 2600, for which the Evga CLC 280 liquid cooler is used. The graphics card of this system is called Radeon RX 580, for which a separate cooler is not used. Xiaomi digital thermometer was used to check the temperature and humidity inside the case, and we used Core Temp and Radeon Software programs for the processor and graphics card, respectively.
For this test, we first measured the room temperature and then We recorded the temperature of the processor and graphics card at the beginning of the activity. Then we did the usual work with the system for 2 hours. No benchmarks have been implemented for the system during this time. After these two hours, we again measured the CPU temperature, graphics card and temperature inside the case.
During this test, we found that the temperature inside the case is about 30 degrees different from the temperature of the processor and graphics card. Some days the temperature was higher and some days it was lower. Then, for the second test, we ran a game for 30 minutes to see how this would change the temperature of the components.
You can see more changes by looking at the chart for the second test. As you can see, contrary to normal conditions, in this case, the temperature of the processor has always been lower than the temperature of the graphics card, which, of course, due to the game-related processing, such a change is quite normal. In general, in this test, the temperature of the case is about 40 degrees different from the temperature of the graphics card.
So What are the benefits of this information in practice? If you have similar conditions for your case, you can use these criteria to predict some problems. This means that if the temperature difference between the case and the parts in question exceeds the allowable limit, you will probably need to look inside the case to do things like clean it.
However, if the temperature inside the case is rising. But the temperature of the parts has not changed much, you do not need to worry too much. In summer, for example, it is perfectly normal for the case to rise in temperature. Overall, it is recommended that you keep the case in a relatively cool place so that the temperature inside the case does not interfere with the components.
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Source: How To Geek
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