https://safirsoft.com Massive blocking of Ruby connections begins - but 'many loopholes' remain

The STIR/SHAKEN requirement should limit Ruby calls, but not stop them completely.

In a new turning point in the US government's counterterrorism efforts, phone companies are being prevented from accepting calls from service providers who did not meet the Federal Communications Commission's deadline that ended this week. “As of today, middleware providers and voice service providers will be prohibited from directly accepting this provider’s traffic unless the voicemail certificate and other requested information are displayed in the FCC Robocall Load database,” the FCC said yesterday. / p>

In particular, phone companies must report traffic to other "voice service providers" that are not certified to the STIR/SHAKEN caller ID standards or registered with the FCC for an accurate bot reduction program. ban. “As we wrote, the STIR (Secure Telephone Identity Reconsideration) and SHAKEN (Information-Based Processing to Verified Information Using toKENs) protocols verify caller ID authentication using digital certificates based on public key cryptography.” STIR/SHAKEN is now widely used in IP networks because large phone companies were required to implement it by June 30 this year, but this is not a complete cure. There was no need to apply STIR/SHAKEN to legacy TDM-based networks using fixed copper lines, the FCC said. Providers using older forms of network technology [should] either upgrade to IP or are actively working to develop a caller ID solution that works on non-IP networks.

The FCC on June 30, 2023 authorized compliance with STIR/SHAKEN requirements, although the commission sought to comment on a plan to set that deadline. June 2022, because “evidence shows that a subset of service providers Small audio seems to be making more calls from its subscribers, as well as a growing share of unauthorized Robusti calls.” Established with larger providers. “Many holes”

Description of Brad Reeves, Professor of Computer Science at the University of North Carolina, STIR/SHAKEN called it a "good start" but told Marketplace it's still a problem. And it won't cause much to call:

There are a lot of loopholes and abuses in this system First of all, providers don't have to Smaller Service This new system is in place right now, so if you get redirected you're probably going to switch to a smaller carrier.Another issue is that some US phone providers offer, but for people overseas there's also so-called by “Portal Providers.” They do not need to log in to this the time. So if the call is from outside the US and a lot of people think it's mostly RoboCup calls, that password will not be attached.

As of yesterday afternoon, 4,798 companies have registered in the automated call reduction database. “All major phone companies are licensed to implement STIR/SHAKEN standards on their IP networks. Hundreds of other carriers are licensed to implement their entire IP networks,” says the FCC. Telephone companies that do not fully implement the STIR/SHAKEN system on their networks should "describe the steps they are taking to ensure that Ruby calls are not illegal." The FCC did not say how many companies did not comply.

The US Public Interest Research Group (PIRG) analyzed 3,063 filings as of September 3 and found that "17 percent (536 companies) said anti-bot technology was fully utilized;" 27% (817) companies have partially implemented this technology, and 56% (1,710 companies) say they do not use industry standard technology but use their own methods for managing sapphire calls.

RoboCup calls fell slightly after June 30

Although the PIRG report concluded that “the industry is not doing nearly as well as required,” it said Robocall traffic has declined since STIR/SHAKEN implementation deadline is June 30. “Americans have received more than 34 billion phone calls this year, averaging 4.3 billion calls a month, and the country is facing a speed of about 52 billion,” estimates YouMail, a bot-blocking service. For the year, however, since STIR/SHAKEN and new federal rules to limit scans came into effect on June 30, we've seen an 8.6% drop per month in Ruby calls." YouMail data runs through August.

Implementation required STIR/SHAKEN Congress did not pass broad approval after then-FCC Chairman Ajit Pai's Voluntary Compliance Program. To facilitate the blocking of calls from non-compliant companies, the FCC offers an email alert service notifying phone companies of updates to the Robocall database.

“The FCC uses every tool we can To counter sapphire calls and malicious counterfeiting — from hefty fines for bad actors to policy changes to technical innovations like STIR/SHAKEN,” Federal Communications Commission Chairman Rosnersell said. "Today's deadline provides a very powerful tool to block illegal calls."

Massive blocking of Ruby connections begins - but 'many loopholes' remain
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