Quantum processors are mostly used by cloud services. We will send one quantoire to you. Early in history, time-sharing systems dominated computers. These systems were powerful machines (at least for their time) with which many users connected to perform arithmetic tasks. To some extent, quantum computing has repeated that history, with companies like Honeywell, IBM, and Rigetti making their devices available to users through a cloud service. Companies pay based on how long they spend running hardware algorithms. p>
Most of the time, time is well shared and companies save on maintenance and hardware costs, which often include a system that reduces the processor to almost zero. But there are a number of customers - companies developing support devices, academic researchers, etc. - who need access to real devices.
The fact that companies don't ship processors overseas suggests that the market isn't big enough to be worth it. But a Dutch startup is now betting that the size of the market is about to change. On Monday, a company called QuantWare announced that it would begin selling quantum processors based on the transmitters, the superwire junction rings that form the basis of similar devices used by Google, IBM and Rigetti.
What is the offer? Transmon-based qubits were popular because they are more compatible with standard manufacturing techniques used in traditional processors. It can also be controlled using microwave frequency signals. Their big drawback is that they only work at temperatures that require liquid helium and cooling devices. These hardware requirements control the exchange of signals between the ultra-cool processor and room temperature controllers. Advertising startups like D-Wave and Rigetti have built their own manufacturing facilities, but Matthijs Rijlaarsdam, co-founder of QuantWare, told Ars that the company has partnered with TU Delft to host Kavli Nanolab Takes. QuantWare allows building without having to invest in its own facilities. This is unlikely to be a limiting factor, Regglarsdam said, as he expects the total market to be no more than 10,000 processors over the next decade. The scale of production does not have to be large.
The preprocessor that the company will ship contains only five transmission qubits. Although this is far less than anything offered through a cloud service, Regglarsdam told Ares that the loyalty of each qubit is 99.9%, which should keep the error rate in check. For now, he said, the low qubit count should be enough based on the kind of customers QuantWare expects.
This includes universities interested in studying new ways to use the processor, as well as companies that may be interested in developing the support hardware needed to turn a switch-filled chip into an operating system. Intel, for example, is developing control chips for transmitters that can withstand the required low temperatures (although the semiconductor giant could easily build its own tramons if needed).
The final aspect - producing chips around which others can build a platform - many features in the press release QuantWare shared with Ars. Often referred to as the Intel 4004, it is a basic multi-purpose microprocessor found in a variety of home computers. Regglarsdam told Aris that he expects the company to double or quadruple the number of qubits each year over the next few years. This is a good development, but it will still put the company behind the roadmap of competitors like IBM for the foreseeable future.
This is due to the fact that Rigglardsam also suggested that quantum computing "reaches" what he called "a little inconvenient". Milestone "Before 2025. After this milestone is reached, quantum computers on a regular basis are able to respond to practically incomputable objects using classical machines. Once they reach that milestone, Regler-Saddam said." Ares told a multi-billion dollar market. "It will also grow rapidly due to the availability of large quantum computers, which is accelerating application development." p>
There is a large market for companies eagerly waiting for the opportunity to install liquid helium diluent refrigerators in their offices/labs/garages, but the truth is that almost certainly there is at least one quantum processor ready - at least part of which is from companies Other Emerging Quantum Computing.
This is well in line with the reception of the Intel 4004. But it may matter as we seem to be approaching a point where some quantum computing coverage must be addressed. Science and the transition to information technology is a clear change in the way the field operates. It is being developed.
List of images by QuantWare
The Dutch startup hopes to sell its quantum processor to the public
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