The United States offers a roadmap for rent on the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf coasts. The goal is to increase capacity from zero to 30 gigawatts by the end of the decade. To this end, the Biden administration has given final approval to Vineyard Wind near Massachusetts and has been involved in three major wind projects near New Jersey.
Multi-year process< p> At the federal level, the process of renting is much more than finding a location with strong winds. Federal regulators must consider, among other factors, environmental impacts, conflicts with other users, damage to historical sites, and the needs of any Native American group in the area. Only after removing these barriers can the lease sale begin. So far, the Department of the Interior has completed this process for only a few areas: areas outside Massachusetts and New Jersey, as previously described, as well as two sites outside Virginia, one of which contains the 2.6GW project. But even combined, these projects represent a relatively small portion of the American coast.
There are two other areas in which the rental process has begun. One is called the New York Byte, which includes areas north of New York Harbor along Long Island, with an estimated capacity of 7 gigawatts. He announced local plans to start selling the lease in June. The latter is called Carolina Long Bay and includes coastal areas near Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, North Wilmington, North Carolina. Rental sales have already started there, and the interior design is planning to open other locations nearby.Advertising
But the interior regions are looking for a significant increase in offshore winds. To that end, it is currently reviewing sites in northern and central California and is expected to complete the study later this year or early next year. As the Gulf of Mexico is explored, leases are on track for late next year. Other leases in the Mid-Atlantic (mainly Virginia and Maryland) and Oregon are expected in 2023. Finally, the Gulf of Maine will complete the study period in 2023, and lease sales are likely in 2024.
A decade later Lease
Signing the lease is by no means near the end of the process. Developers of marine windmills must approve their lease plans before construction begins. The Office of Inland Ocean Energy shows that it is currently reviewing nine construction and lease plans for existing sites and is expected to be completed by 2025, with another six yet to be submitted. A capacity of 19 gigawatts has been approved for construction.
Once support and construction facilities are in place—something that is still underway in the United States—large offshore wind farms can often be completed within two to four years. Years. So to achieve the Biden government's target of 30 gigawatts by 2030, a further 11 gigawatts of capacity must be approved by 2026. The leasing and licensing experience of a few early wind farms helps reduce the time required for future projects. Attempts to block the first offshore farms in court, if they fail, could be an example of limiting the legal problems for these projects.
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