https://safirsoft.com Study shows that the terrible Viking ritual

But the victims died long before the execution by torture ended. Early in the series, a rival leader named Jarl Borg (Thorbjørn Harr) from Götaland leads the attack on Ragnar's men and even convinces Ragnar's brother to betray him. Borg doesn't die easily when his plans are finally foiled and he is captured. Ragnar performs blóðǫrn ("blood eagle") on a tower, a horrific process of torture and execution apparently carried out during the Viking period (circa 750 to 1050).

This collection prides itself on being as historically accurate as possible, which is a challenge, as most of what we know about the Vikings comes from epic poems that express their accomplishments orally. It was finally written centuries later. This is especially true of the blood eagle ritual, which has long been dismissed as mere myth - either because of frequent misunderstandings during the translation of the poems or perhaps because of the tendency of Christian scholars to portray pagan Vikings. (Warning: some graphic explanations are shown below).

The blood eagle apparently involved carving the victim's back, cutting ribs from the spine, and then pulling the lungs through a hole for viewing. Wide ribs The victim is said to be alive all the time, and his last breath makes the last wings of the lungs flutter, resembling the wings of a bird. Some accounts also refer to pouring salt on the victim's wounds.

Whether it is fact or legend, the performance of such a ritual, with challenge, is described using the tools at its disposal were time possible. According to the authors of a recent article in Speculum, it is in keeping with Viking cultural customs. However, the victim inevitably dies from shock and blood loss early in the process, so the last shivering in the lungs is likely a capillary license. blood "" A ritualistic performance of his betrayal in S2 Vikings. "Src=" picsbody / 2201 / 13083-1.jpg "alt=" https://safirsoft.com A study showed that the terrible Vikings party "Blood Eagle" is descriptively possible "srcset=" https://cdn.arstechnica.net/ wp-content / uploads / 2022/01 / bloodeagle9.jpg 2x "> Zoom / Body of Jarl Borg after tolerating a "blood eagle" ritual for betraying the Vikings in Season 2. History Channel

There is little historical evidence of a blood eagle. King was executed Northumberland Ella because he killed his father Ragnar./p>

There are two versions: the execution of Halfdan Halg by Turf-Inar, in one version, an eagle carved with a sword on the back of the half-tan and all ribs cut from the spine and lungs pulled in. This is described as a sacrifice Odin should thank Einrr for his victory. The second novel is by the Norse poet and historian Snorri Sturluson: Cut. Pull the ribs to the waist, pull the lungs; and that was Halfden's death." Advertising

Viking historian Luke John Murphy decided From the University of Iceland he asked for the help of real anatomists to assess whether it was even possible to perform the blood eagle. A whole new perspective on some very old questions and allows us to approach the blood eagle in a new way. In light of their findings.

Human anatomy is complex, and the authors point out three distinct components: Descriptive challenges to performing rituals—particularly if the goal is to keep the victim alive throughout the process. You must first remove all skin And the muscles from the back, otherwise the lower ribs cannot be cut and manipulated to remove the lungs. Weakening or cutting many of the major arteries in the body and possibly emptying the lungs Putting the ribs in the shape of eagle wings, then pulling the lungs through the mouth, would be very difficult.

According to the authors, “Keeping a sharp blade parallel to the underlying muscle layer,” while long incisions are made only superficially on the muscle “causes the removal of the skin and external muscles.” Both sides of the body are sufficient to build a 'wing'. An ordinary Iron Age combat knife was perfect for this. Thus you have to separate the trapezius from the shoulder below the scapula to expose the ribs, one of which describes the incision as "below the waist", in this case the dorsal lumbar spine. It was also very difficult to separate the ribs from the waist. The vertebrae, because the joints are held together by very strong ligaments, cannot be amputated while the victim is still alive. And soon the ribs are separated by a serrated blade. Penetrating the ribs with a small sword or axe can seriously damage the lungs.

Instead, “We suspect that a certain type of Viking spear could use the Ned as a temporary tool to “unscrew” the gear. The authors wrote in an article accompanying the discussion. “Such a weapon can be depicted on a found stone monument. On the Swedish island of Gotland, where a stone-carved scene shows something that might be a bloody eagle or another execution."

Fragment of Stora Hammars I Stone from Gotland, Sweden, showing a man lying on his stomach and another man using a weapon Backpackblood eagle "possible description" srcset="https://cdn.arstechnica .net /wp-content/uploads/2022/01/bloodeagle1.jpg 2x "> Zoom/Fragment of Stora Hammars I stone from Gotland, Sweden, showing a man lying on his stomach and another man using a weapon on your back. Wikimedia Commons/CC BY- SA 4.0

Finally, to remove the lungs through incisions along the spine, the ribs must be flexed outward to create wings.This is technically feasible, although it requires tremendous strength and coordination, and may have to be broken The ribs are back somewhere on the victim's side. The muscles that connect the ribs to the waist should also be removed. The spine will still be a barrier to removing the lungs, and the bronchi, pulmonary veins, and arteries will not be long enough to allow the lungs to exit while they are still connected. The lungs may have been submerged in compact tissue the size of a fist at this point. In fact, he may have survived the first stage, though probably not in silence, because removing the soft tissues from the back was painful. But he may have died of shock, suffocation, and/or injuries within seconds of the blade sinking behind him to cut his ribs. So the authors wrote: "Even if the ceremony is done carefully, the victim will die very quickly." "So no attempt was made to change the ribs into 'wings' or to remove the lungs from the cadaver. The last 'flap' did not occur." Historical data and the conclusion that the bloody celebration corresponds to the behavior of the elite warriors of the Viking age. And there were spectacular executions, displays of corpses, and "perverted burials" - like the skeleton of a beheaded gentleman whose head was tucked under his arm and replaced by a jawbone. Viking warriors worked hard to preserve their reputation, and the blood eagle appears to have been intended to avenge the undeserved killing of a father (or other male relative).

“On the contrary, 'Vulture blood could have occurred in the Viking age.'” It was physically possible, in accordance with the broader social customs of culling and treating corpses, and reflected a cultural obsession with showing your dignity and status. In addition, the astonishing brutality ensured that everyone was eager to hear the story in general. Its terrifying details - just as we say it today.

DOI: Speculum, 2022. 10.1086/717332 (about DOIs).



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