https://safirsoft.com How carbon taxes can combat inequality and climate change
A carbon tax does not have to be at the expense of the low-income: research

A carbon tax can be very attractive to many people. On the other hand, some groups hate taxes and are indifferent to climate change - in Canada, various provincial governments fought (and ultimately failed) against the federal government imposing carbon taxes. On the other hand, some progressives worry that a carbon tax will hurt low-income people and cost them more.

According to new research, this doesn't have to be the case. It could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions with a carbon tax that distributes wealth to people at the lower socioeconomic scale, said Nova Skoronic, a researcher in the Department of Environmental Health at Emory University Gangorusa and one of the paper's authors. .

And this is good news, because the carbon tax is already in use. According to the World Bank, by 2020, about 40 countries and 20 cities, states or provinces will have some type of carbon pricing mechanism in place. The United States from time to time thought about the idea of ​​implementing it on its own. “[It] has a history of being endorsed by a number of politicians and/or economists as a species – I don’t want to say simply – but it probably has an easier way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Environment and equity,” Skovronik told Ars. An effective tool in reducing poverty, says Mark Bodlefson, co-author of a new research paper by Rutgers University's Department of Environment, Occupational Health and Justice.He notes, for example, that the province of British Columbia in Canada has been relatively successful in this respect in poorer countries, "Some of the biggest improvements in welfare occur in developing countries."

In this article, researchers divided the world into 12 regions. Some of these countries are particularly large and densely populated countries such as India and the United States, while others are collections of other, smaller countries.Ideally, in the future, the research will look at the issue nationally—he said: “The next generation of models, in my opinion, will usually show all the countries separately.

In 12 groups, this model divides the population into five-fifths, which represent the different levels of wealth in each country or region. According to Bodelson, unlike previous models of its kind, the model they developed can distinguish the effects of additional carbon taxes on, say, the richest and poorest people in India. "This is the first case of inequality in different parts of the world," he said. At a sufficiently high level, the scientist could limit the temperature to two degrees Celsius. This in turn helps vulnerable groups around the world who are particularly vulnerable to climate change.

This article also showed that a phased implementation of a carbon tax can be relatively simple. Although some countries may not have the administrative capacity to do so and others may not - which can help reduce poverty. The summary of the research in this paper also notes that the positive effects of the additional carbon tax are still visible, even if part of the money is lost due to things like administrative expenses or some of the money being used to pay for other government programs.

According to Skovronik, additional carbon taxes are not the only way to combat climate change while reducing poverty. But this is a relatively simple way to do it. He said other ideas could and should be explored in more detail in the future. Nature, 2021. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-021-01217-0 (about DOIs). p>



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