motherboard buying guide; Everything you need to know before choosing
A computer consists of several different parts, many of these hardware parts must be placed on a common platform. This common platform is called motherboard, which some users believe is not very important. But the fact is that the importance of the motherboard is not small at all. But due to the existence of a large number of specialized terms and different tips, users get confused very quickly to buy a motherboard. In this article, in simple language, we will discuss the important points that you should pay attention to when buying a motherboard.buying a motherboard from SafirSoft
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What is a motherboard?
As we wrote in the introduction, the motherboard is the common platform for many parts of desktop computers and laptops. . Among the parts that are directly connected to the motherboard, we can mention the CPU, graphic card, RAM, hard drive and SSD memory. On the surface of the motherboard, you can see a lot of copper and aluminum lines that are very thin and actually these lines make up the real magic of the motherboard as they make the connections between the different parts. We should also mention the existence of different sockets and ports that have various uses.
Tips you should know before buying a motherboard
If you are looking to assemble a case or buy a motherboard for your computer, we recommend not to miss this section. For many ordinary users, buying a motherboard is not an easy task, but in any case, we will discuss the most important points related to this issue so that you can do it safely and without worry.
- Always Choose from new and advanced motherboards. Because if your motherboard is old and has various limitations, you will face various challenges in the future to upgrade different parts. . Currently, most motherboards support DDR4 RAM, but if you want to use DDR5 RAM, you need to buy a motherboard based on this specification. Of course, due to the fact that DDR5 RAMs are still very expensive, this type of motherboard has not yet gained much popularity.
- Another point that you should pay attention to when buying a motherboard is the form factor or its size. Motherboards come in different sizes, the size of which is directly related to the size of your case. So buy a motherboard that fits your case space.
- If you want to use a powerful processor and graphics card, you should buy a motherboard that fits them. Because a low-cost or mid-range motherboard will probably have problems to use the maximum power of the processor and graphics card.
- The presence of various slots on the motherboard is very important because in the future you will be more open to upgrade and use different parts.
Now after these general points, let's go into the details about motherboards.
The importance of motherboard size
As we said, the form factor or the size of the monitors is very important. Among the main form factors, we can mention ATX, MINI ATX, MICRO ATX and E ATX. All 4 models have their own features that you should choose from according to your needs.
- ATX motherboards have 4 RAM slots and these types of motherboards are among the oldest models that still are widely used. We should also mention the presence of 7 PCI-E slots.
- Mini ATX motherboards are equipped with two RAM slots and use only one PCIe slot.
- Micro ATX models have four slots. offer PCIe.
- E ATX models are the largest size and are usually used in high-end systems. These motherboards are equipped with 6 RAM slots and generally have a lot to say.
Currently, ATX models have many fans, and of course Mini ATX and micro ATX models are of interest due to their low price. They are placed a lot. Therefore, according to the needs of your system, you should choose one of these models.
BIOS and UEFI>
BIOS and UEFI are two different firmwares that act as an operating system interface. And the motherboard and other parts do their job. UEFI is younger and therefore more advanced than BIOS. That's why these days many users prefer to use UEFI instead of BIOS. We must say that UEFI has more features than BIOS and this has played an important role in increasing its popularity.
Intel or AMD
Processor It is considered one of the most key parts of the computer, and the processor brand has a direct relationship with the motherboard model. Naturally, you know that for the processor you have to choose between Intel and AMD, the processors of these two companies are very different from each other.
Years ago AMD was known as the manufacturer of weak and cheap processors, but now The two companies are strong competitors in this field. Due to this difference in structures, you should pay attention to the brand and processor generation to buy a motherboard. We will discuss this issue further.
The importance of the processor socket on the motherboard
The processor socket is the part where the CPU is connected to the motherboard. These sockets do not have the same design, so before buying a motherboard, you should see which generation of Intel and AMD processors you intend to use. This means that if you have an Intel processor, you should choose between Intel motherboards, and if you have bought or want to buy an AMD processor, you should look for AMD motherboards. After this step, you should see which generation of Intel or AMD processor you want to buy.
In other words, if you want to buy one of Intel's 12th or 13th generation processors, you must have a motherboard equipped with the necessary socket for Buy these processors and this applies to all processors from these two companies.
RAM compatibility with motherboard
RAM memory has a very high speed and thanks to this characteristic, the processor uses RAM to place various information and access them quickly. The speed and capacity of RAM plays an important role in the speed of the system, and for this reason, according to the budget they have, users usually look for the highest capacity and the highest speed of RAM.
Generally, when the RAM capacity and To be faster, the processor no longer needs to use the information located on the hard drive or SSD memory and can do this very quickly by using the RAM memory. Currently, most of the RAMs on the market are of DDR4 type, which DDR refers to the standard set for RAMs. As we said a little above, although it has been a long time since the release of DDR5 RAMs, these types of RAMs still have a very high price. Therefore, most users still prefer to use motherboards dedicated to DDR4 RAMs.
Besides this issue, you should also consider the maximum speed and RAM capacity to buy a motherboard. So if you need, for example, 64 GB of RAM, you should not buy a motherboard with a maximum support of 32 GB of RAM. You should also consider the maximum RAM speed for the motherboard, so that if you need, for example, a speed of 3200 MHz, the motherboard can support this speed for RAM.
The importance of ports and slots
To connect different parts to the motherboard, you need to use various ports and slots take advantage These slots and the features they offer are very important and you should pay a lot of attention to them. There are various connectors on the motherboard, each of which has special uses. First, we must mention the RAM slots, every motherboard has at least 2 RAM slots, and according to its price and form factor, this number increases. such as graphic card and sound card and other similar items. PCIe slots come in X1, X4, X8, and X16 physical forms. The number mentioned next to X is related to the number of paths in the slot, which is directly related to how the data travels in the card in question. The higher the desired number, the higher the data exchange speed. It should be noted that these slots leave the user's hand open for use. So if, for example, there is a PCIe x16 slot on the motherboard of your system, you can put a card based on the PCIe x1 standard in it. Naturally, in this situation, the bandwidth of the desired card will be the same as X1. On the other hand, if you put a PCIe X8 card in the X1 or X4 slot, its bandwidth will be much less.
On the I/O panel of the motherboard, which you can access from outside the case, there are all kinds of ports, of course, the variety and number of these ports are usually directly related to It has the price of the desired motherboard. So if you are looking to buy a high-end and powerful motherboard, you can expect to offer ports such as USB-C, multiple USB 3.2 ports, Wi-Fi antenna connection, DisplayPort port and HDMI. Therefore, if the variety and number of these ports are very important to you, you should pay attention to this when buying a motherboard. Some motherboards support Wi-Fi connection, but cheap models do not have such a feature, and for them you need to use a dongle or a Wi-Fi card. Therefore, many users prefer to pay a little more to use a motherboard with the ability to connect to Wi-Fi. They have passed their exam in this field, let them choose. Of course, in the Iranian market, you can usually only choose your desired option from the motherboards made by Asus, MSI and Gigabyte companies, all three of which are very famous and provide high-quality motherboards to the market.
So more than this Paying attention to the brand, you should see which motherboard uses the features you want according to the budget you have, so that you can make the best possible choice.
In general, you should consider several points to buy a motherboard And this issue makes the choice more difficult. For example, after you buy or choose a case, you should buy a motherboard suitable for your processor according to its size. On the other hand, you should be careful about the compatibility of the motherboard with the processor model. In the meantime, consider things like the number of slots, the maximum capacity and speed of RAM, support for different lighting and other things.
Therefore, we recommend that you consider these features step by step so as not to get confused. And on the other hand, don't spend more than you need to buy a motherboard that you do not need. You can use the following link.buying a motherboard from SafirSoft
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